How To Show All Items Using a DropDownList and a GridView Control in ASP.NET 2.0 with VS2005

We often want to have a gridview which selects items based on a dropdownlist. It’s trivial to do this in the VS2005 designer by simply first creating an SqlDataSource with a where clause, then with the sqldatasource wizard, assign the SelectedValue of the dropdownlist to the GridView.

The application running looks like this:

And the page source to do is simply this:

<%@ Page Language=”C#” %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN” “http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd>

<script runat=”server>
</script>

<html xmlns=”http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml>
<head runat=”server>
    <title>Simple GridView With DropDownList Selection</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id=”form1? runat=”server>
        <div>
            <asp:DropDownList ID=”DropDownList1? runat=”serverAutoPostBack=”True>
                <asp:ListItem>Ikura</asp:ListItem>
                <asp:ListItem>Konbu</asp:ListItem>
            </asp:DropDownList><br />
            <asp:SqlDataSource ID=”SqlDataSource1? runat=”serverConnectionString=”&lt;%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString %&gt;“
                SelectCommand=”SELECT [ProductName], [UnitsInStock], [UnitsOnOrder] FROM [Alphabetical List of Products] WHERE ([ProductName] = @ProductName2)”>
                <SelectParameters>
                    <asp:ControlParameter ControlID=”DropDownList1? Name=”ProductName2? PropertyName=”SelectedValueType=”String/>
                </SelectParameters>
            </asp:SqlDataSource>
            <asp:GridView ID=”GridView1? runat=”serverAutoGenerateColumns=”FalseDataSourceID=”SqlDataSource1?>
                 <Columns>
                    <asp:BoundField DataField=”ProductNameHeaderText=”ProductNameSortExpression=”ProductName/>
                    <asp:BoundField DataField=”UnitsInStockHeaderText=”UnitsInStockSortExpression=”UnitsInStock/>
                    <asp:BoundField DataField=”UnitsOnOrderHeaderText=”UnitsOnOrderSortExpression=”UnitsOnOrder/>
                </Columns>
            </asp:GridView>
        </div>
    </form>
</body>
</html>

However, what if you want to have a show all option in your DropDownList? My suggestion is to abandon (somewhat) the visual programming model (or at least that’s the only way I can think of doing it) and add the SelectParameters in the Page_Load event of the page. In addition, to get all the rows to show, I suggest adding the Sql Injection trick which is add an OR to the sql. You can that make the OR always return true, or always return false. I do this by simply passing a 1=@CompareInteger to the Sql that always gets evaluated. Then dynamically set the CompareInteger to 1 or 999. 1 makes all the rows return, 999 forces the evaluation of the ProductName=@ProductName part of the Where clause.

Here is what the application looks like running:

And here is the code that actually does the job.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>

 <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">

    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {

        if (!IsPostBack)
        {
            ControlParameter cp =
                new ControlParameter("ProductName",TypeCode.String,"DropDownList1","SelectedValue");
            SqlDataSource1.SelectParameters.Add(cp);

            Parameter p = new Parameter("CompareInteger", TypeCode.Int32);
            p.DefaultValue = "1";
            SqlDataSource1.SelectParameters.Add(p);
        }
    }

    protected void DropDownList1_SelectedIndexChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        if (DropDownList1.SelectedValue.Equals("(All)"))
        {
            SqlDataSource1.SelectParameters[1].DefaultValue = "1";
        }
        else
        {
            SqlDataSource1.SelectParameters[1].DefaultValue = "999";  // not one
        }
    }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>DropDownList and GridView with Show All Option</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <div>
        <asp:DropDownList ID="DropDownList1" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" OnSelectedIndexChanged="DropDownList1_SelectedIndexChanged">
            <asp:ListItem Value="(All)"></asp:ListItem>
            <asp:ListItem>Ikura</asp:ListItem>
            <asp: pan style="color: maroon;">ListItem>Konbu</asp:ListItem>
        </asp:DropDownList><br />
        <br />
        <asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" DataSourceID="SqlDataSource1">
            <Columns>
                <asp:BoundField DataField="ProductName" HeaderText="ProductName" SortExpression="ProductName" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="UnitsInStock" HeaderText="UnitsInStock" SortExpression="UnitsInStock" />
            </Columns>
        </asp:GridView>
        <br />
        <asp:SqlDataSource ID="SqlDataSource1" runat="server" ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString %>" SelectCommand="SELECT [ProductName], [UnitsInStock] FROM [Alphabetical List of Products] WHERE ([ProductName] = @ProductName OR 1 = @CompareInteger) ORDER BY [ProductName]">
        </asp:SqlDataSource>
    </div>
    </form>
</body>
</html>

Notice that autopostback is set on the dropdownlist as well as the select change event. That’s it! Give it a try.

About Peter Kellner

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Comments

  1. Its nice one but i tried with access using SQL Datasource its not working..

  2. can you do this with access database?

  3. asda

  4. how to color a row in gridview when i select the item in dropdownlist.suppose i was selected the newyork city all the related row is color(yellow)then i selected the london city from dropdownlist all the related row is color(blue).
    if you have any solution of my problem.please suggest to me.

    Thanx

    Arun kumar kaundel

  5. I had to dynamically generate the contents of the dropdown list, so I used the SQL union statement when populating it to add a row with “ALL” for the name and “1” for the value.

    Something like this: “SELECT [ProductName], [ProductId] FROM [Alphabetical List of Products] UNION Select ‘(All)’ as [ProductName], ‘1’ As [ProductId] ORDER BY [ProductName]>”

    In the dropdownlist, I had set my DataTextField to [ProductName] and DataValueField to [ProductId]. Because of this, I didn’t have to add any of the code into the Page_Load function or have the SelectedIndexChanged function. The value was passed from the DropDownList into the select parameter of the data source, which was set to default to 1 so that all would show first.

  6. Finally a solution that worked. I’ve been searching/fiddling for a while now.
    Thanks!!!

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